Blog

On World AIDS day, December 01, 2006

In AIDS research around the world there is need to give chance to Traditional Healers practicing Traditional medicinal knowledge about herbs and insects. In India, these Healing practices are providing great relief to AIDS patients. I have tried to document this traditional knowledge.

*Real health experts of Chhattisgarh “Traditional Healers”: Waiting for recognition and honor from civil society.

*Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about Herbs used as Supplement in Main Treatment of AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) in Chhattisgarh, India. 1-280. (Compilation of Extended summaries with New comments)

*Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about Herbs used as Supplement in Main Treatment of AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) in Chhattisgarh, India. 281-345. (Compilation of Extended Summaries)

*Working with the real health experts: the traditional healers of Chhattisgarh.

For more research articles on this aspect please visit at

Scientists vs. Engineers

Lately, I've been thinking more and more about the dichotomy between scientists and engineers. While similar in many ways, scientists and engineers have proven to be very different in terms of adaptability, use of resources, and application of theories. While these and other differences are essential to both groups, I can't help but feel that both scientists and engineers would stand to gain much from opening up dialogue with each other a bit more.

I myself studied civil engineering here in Montreal, though I later abandoned that career choice because, well it was a career choice, not a personal choice. In other words, it seemed like a good idea because I could get a decent job afterwards, with a decent starting salary. That's the reason so many of us do what we do in this capital-driven economic system we've built(indeed, we're programmed to think this way from a very young age), but in the end, it seemed like an awfully shallow reason to become an engineer, scientist or anything, really.

How many scientists here became scientists because they *really* love science? How many of us really grew up loving science itself, and knew from an early age that this is really what we wanted to do, regardless of the career path / job opportunities?

And how many of us followed a scientific career path because it would provide us with a comfortable living, a good salary, and a secure future? Or for some other superficial reason, such as going into a "well-respected" field, or making our parents proud?

One of the most important differences between a pure science versus an engineering degree is that there is a career path from an undergraduate degree in engineering. Engineering graduates are qualified to pursue their professional license. Not so in science, where one typically requires graduate work to be employable in that field.

Science primarily involves using experimentation to uncover new things about the physical world, while engineering is about applying that scientific knowledge to create useful products and services for society. While science is firmly rooted in research, engineering relies on both research and design. Both disciplines require a strong knowledge of scientific theory, math and computing.1

While both engineers and scientists know how to "tinker" with things, it seems to me that engineers like to tinker with everything around them that they don't yet fully understand, while scientists prefer to restrict their exploration to topics that fall within their own scientific grasp. A good example of this is the Internet - most engineers I know are much more web-savvy than most scientists I know. They both had the same starting point, but it's the engineer who was quicker at asking questions, figuring things out, not only trying to understand the "how" of the way things like blogging, wikis, distributed social networks, etc. work, but also figuring out the "why". These engineers seem to understand the importance of sharing and the value of open information, where the general attitude I've gotten back with my years of working with the global scientific community has been one of "This is my research, this is my information, etc.

Also - and this might have something to do with the aforementioned understanding of social networks - engineers accept the fact that they are just a very small part of a much larger system. When I think of engineers, the visual that appears in my head is one of mechanical engineers working in teams, of computer engineers spread across the world working on an open-source project, or of civil or mining engineers together on a surveying mission. When I imagine scientists, I see a lone elder man with a white beard surrounded by flasks, or - at best - a sterile lab with people in lab coats, completely quiet, each staring down their own microscope.

These are, of course, hilariously inaccurate caricatures. But it's undeniable that science has been - and still is - a much more rigid and impenetrable topic, while engineers have been quick to assimilate with the technology that's around them. Scientists seem to accept to use this technology - without trying to understand it - only if it serves in their field of research.

Scientists want to understand the theories behind something and they're willing to use tools when necessary to get to the core of why/how. Engineers want to build things and they're willing to use theory when it will help the construction.

[...]

The scientist vs. engineer relation is simple, without one, the other could not exist. No scientist can get a thing done, without a half-way descent machinist, (whether it be programming, or actually maching of instruments) Engineers on the other hand, must use every bit of applicable theory, whether it be from pure nature, or academic elitists, to produce something of value. Fuller's edict was "If it works, then it is beautiful." I believe functionality is the key to beauty as well, as functionality is a trait that is quantitative, as well as qualitative. That is where raw science and engineering form a unity, in pure functionality. It is their most common bond, and strongest.2

As for me, well after I left engineering I registered as an independent student, which is a status I retain to this day. I take courses that interest me because I want to learn more about them, things like psychology, languages, history, philosophy, and some science and engineering classes. I sit in on classes sometimes even when I'm not enrolled in them. With the absence of the usual pressure about grades and studying, I retain so much more from every course than I used to when I was "a student".

There are probably enough credits for a degree (or two) in there somewhere, but I'm not interested in even pursuing that right now. I find that the most fascinating thinking often occurs in the cracks between topics (a great example of this is the remarkable symbiosis we see in interdisciplinary science), not at their summits, so I try to build (myself, my work and my "research") horizontally, not vertically. Finding out how to apply existing ideas to areas where innovation is needed is more valuable to me than constantly trying to push the boundaries and discover "the next big thing" in a selected topic.

You've achieved success in your field when you don't know whether what you're doing is work or play. -- Warren Beatty

Does that make me an engineer or a scientist? Probably neither.

Or maybe a "mad scientist"...

  1. 1. From Queens University
  2. 2. From Zephoria.org

Visite du labo de françois

Bonjour à tous

Je tiens a informer que Francois veut bien nous présenter son projet et son labo pour une après midi, il m'a proposé deux dates, donc j'aimerais (si cela vous intéressent) que vous me dite à quelle date c'est possible entre :
- Samedi 09 Decembre à 14h (puis après on rejoint le groupe entier a ENS a 16h comme prévu)

-Mercredi 20 Decembre ,après midi (heure a préciser)

Donc hésitez pas a poster votre réponse en comentaire, pour la place cela en devrait pas etre un probleme ;)

(perso je peut pas Mercredi j'ai cour toute la journée)

Le choix de la donc sera choisit en fonction du nombre ^^
D'autre part, François a la possibilée (normalement) de prendre 3 ou 4 d'entre nous pour un mini-stage durant la premiere semaine de Janvier (au moins le 3,4,5) si vous etes intéréssé il faut le poster en com' aussi! (ps: jespere qu'il restera une place pour moi qui suis très intéréssé ;).

Jespère que cette proposition de François va rentrer un vif succès car ses projets (de Bio , héhé) on l'air Excellent!

A très bientôt,

baptiste

Euro-Mediterranean University Forum call for papers

the Anna Lindh Foundation has launched a
Call for papers to select participants in the next Euro-Mediterranean University Forum.

For more information you are kindly invited to consult the ALF website at the following address: http://www.euromedalex.org/En/paper.htm

Please note that the deadline for the submission of the abstracts of the papers is 31 December 2006.

La Fondation Anna Lindh a lancé un Appel à
Contributions pour sélectionner des participants pour le prochain Forum universitaire euro-méditerranéen.

Pour toutes information supplémentaire, veuillez consulter le site web de la
Fondation à l'adresse suivante
et http://www.euromedalex.org/fr/paper.htm

La date limite pour la présentation des résumés des contributions est le 31 décembre
2006.

International Environmental Law and Policy Database

the website is maintained by the American University Washington College of Law.

http://www.wcl.american.edu/environment/iel/index.cfm

"This site is particularly well suited to the study of international environmental law and policy, providing a rich resource of materials and contacts that would not otherwise be accessible. The Internet's global reach and depth of data make it ideal for research and communication throughout the globe. "

"The Home page contains links to the book's 21 chapters and annexes. Each chapter contains relevant links to sites containing treaties, treaty offices, documents, NGOs, government agencies, and cool sites found while surfing."

"The Institutional Players page contains links to the major UN system institutions, specialized UN agencies and programs, inter-governmental organizations, international financial institutions, and international dispute resolution fora."

If you come across a dead link, please contact WCL:
webmaster (at) wcl.american.edu

The Asia-Link Programme

The Asia-Link Programme is an initiative by the European Commission to promote regional and multilateral networking between higher education institutions in EU Member States and eligible countries in Asia. The programme aims to promote the creation of new partnerships and new sustainable links between European and Asian higher education institutions, and to reinforce existing partnerships.

The objective of the Asia-Link Programme is to promote regional and multilateral networking between higher education institutions in Europe, South and South East Asia and China.

The Programme is funded by the EU budget, under the budget line for “Political, economic and cultural cooperation with Asian developing countries”.

Eligible countries are the 25 Member States of the European Union and developing countries in Asia:

Europe: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonésia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongólia, Myanmar/Burma, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan,Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam

Programme activities

1. Partnership Projects

Partnership projects can undertake activities in one or more of the following three areas:
i. Human Resource Development
These activities aim to upgrade the skills of university teaching staff, in particular young faculty and future teachers (i.e. postgraduate students), and administrators.

ii. Curriculum Development
Activities aim to develop curricula, by producing new/improved courses, modules or teaching/training materials. Each project, which should be innovative, covers activities relating to the preparation of curricula and course material, their dissemination and the training of professors/tutors to teach them.

iii. Institutions & Systems Development
Grants are awarded for co-operative projects that aim to enhance the overall management of institutions of higher education through the sharing of experience between Asian and European institutions (or groups/associations of institutions).

2. Capacity-Building Actions
3. Programme support activities

i. Studies
Three studies are being carried out in early 2006, intended to provide a wider knowledge base to the higher education sector in Europe and Asia, in
order to enhance cooperation and mutual understanding.
The three topics are:
- Patterns of HE cooperation and practical issues affecting EU-Asia university
partnerships
- Partnerships/relationships between universities and business/industry in
Europe and Asia
- University cooperation for sustainable development in Europe and Asia.

ii. European Higher Education Fairs
A first European Higher Education Fair was organised in November 2004 in Bangkok. This provided a forum for European higher education institutions and associations to promote the European HE sector to Thai students and
academics, and to exchange best practice on Asia-Link. Seven further Fairs are scheduled over 2006-2008 in China, Indonesia, India, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

iii. Networking; Stakeholders’ Meetings
A first Asia-Link Project Networking Meeting brought some 50 project representatives to Kuala Lumpur in September 2005. It is planned to carry
out further networking activities and meetings in 2006. The September meeting was held back-toback with the Asia-Link Stakeholders’ Meeting.
This was the third annual meeting of representatives from the HE sector, who provide advice and feedback on the Programme’s activities and priorities.

iv. Information and Communication
The programme website, updated on a regular basis, provides a range of information, news and statistics on Calls for Proposals and funded
projects. It also houses a partner search database, allowing interested higher education institutions to post their areas of interest. Flyers and brochures on the programme are also produced. Information sessions for potential applicants are organised in Europe and in Asia.

For more information on Asia-Link, and the projects it funds:Website:http://ec.europa.eu/

Recent Research Articles based on my work in Indian state Chhattisgarh

*Results of Ethnobotanical surveys conducted from January to August 2006 in Indian state Chhattisgarh. 5. Some important observations in Gariaband and Mainpur regions.

*Results of Ethnobotanical surveys conducted from January to August 2006 in Indian state Chhattisgarh. 6. Interactions with the Herb Vendors of Gariaband and Mainpur regions.

*Results of Ethnobotanical surveys conducted from January to August 2006 in Indian state Chhattisgarh. 7. Interactions with the Fishermen of Gariaband and Mainpur regions.

*Results of Ethnobotanical surveys conducted from January to August 2006 in Indian state Chhattisgarh. 8. Interesting information on folk zootherapy collected from Gariaband and Mainpur regions.

*Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about herbs used in treatment of Ulcerative Colitis in Indian State Chhattisgarh.

*Farmer's ways of managing insects and monkeys in Durg region of Indian state Chhattisgarh.

*Bt rice in Chhattisgarh: A new curse for the Biodiversity.

conférences de physique des particules

Coucou

J'errais sur le web et je suis tombée sur ça : http://www.in2p3.fr/physique_pour_tous/aulycee/nepal/index.htm
en gros ça a l'air d'être des chercheurs qui se proposent pour venir faire des confs dans les lycées.
Thèmes abordés: Le destin des étoiles, comment la masse vient aux particules, le neutrino, l'antimatière etc etc...
Si ça vous intéresse, n'hésitez pas à les appeler!
Jeanne

Reinventing African Economies: Technological Innovation and the Sustainability Transition

The conference paper "Reinventing African Economies: Technological Innovation and the Sustainability Transition"
by Calestous Juma deals with the role of higher education for sustainable development and economic learning.
Focused on Africa, it also present case study outside of the continent.
Costa Rica's EARTH university is a must read!

the report can be downloaded at:
http://www.wallacechair.iastate.edu/endeavors/pesekcolloquium/Calestous-...

CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT

Climate does have a lot to say about how we develop particularly in Africa where extreme climate events are going to be commoner than before. The effects of climate change on health, energy, environment and above all development is a cause for the concern of African climate scientists. As a matter of fact, the importance of global climate change to international development has enrolled non climate scientists like physicists and mathematicians in the bid to study and predict the emerging climate with increasing efficiency.
This blog entry is to renew my earlier call for us to model climate change specifically for the African region without much dependence on GCMs.
So if you are a mathematician, engineer, physisist, atmospheric chemist, or even a social scientist, lets work together on this!

Seven recent research articles at Ecoport.org

Seven recent research articles at Ecoport.org

*Traditional societies are having much for modern societies specially in field of healthy living.

*Results of Ethnobotanical surveys conducted from January to August 2006 in Indian state Chhattisgarh. 1. Interactions with the Traditional Healers of Gariaband and Mainpur regions.

*Results of Ethnobotanical surveys conducted from January to August 2006 in Indian state Chhattisgarh. 2. Interactions with the Herb Collectors of Gariaband and Mainpur regions.

*Results of Ethnobotanical surveys conducted from January to August 2006 in Indian state Chhattisgarh. 3. Interactions with the Senior Natives of Gariaband and Mainpur regions.

*Is rare medicinal herb Begonia tessaricarpa present in Indian state Chhattisgarh?

*Study notes (Agronomy) prepared for National Eligibility Test (NET) conducted by Agricultural Scientist Recruitment Board, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, India in year 1996.

Salon de la solidarité internationale

Info de dernière minute:

Le salon de la solidarité internationale, consacré à l'engagement des jeunes se tiendra les 17-18 novembre 2006, c'est à dire ce weekend, dans les jardins du ministère des affaires étrangères (et foi d'Alice, ça vaut le coup d'oeil).
ça parlera de chantiers jeunes, de projets, et d'orientation vers ces domaines... Des motivés pour monter un projet d'ouverture vers la science avec une note de solidarité internationale..?
pour récupérer une copie de l'invitation, contactez moi par mail!

à très bientôt,
Alice

______________

Bonjour,

Dans le cadre de la Semaine de la solidarité internationale, le Ministère des affaires étrangères organise le Salon de la Solidarité Internationale, consacré à l'engagement des jeunes, qui se tiendra dans les jardins de l'Hôtel de la Ministre déléguée à la coopération, au développement et à la francophonie les 17 et 18 novembre 2006 de 10h00 à 18h00.
Vous trouverez ci-joint le programme définitif de cette manifestation ainsi qu'une invitation.

La Ministre déléguée remettra à cette occasion deux prix "Chantiers de jeunes" sur les dispositifs Jeunesse solidarité internationale (JSI) et Ville Vie Vacances Solidarité Internationale (VVV SI). Trois table-rondes consacrées aux évolutions du Volontariat, à l'engagement des jeunes dans des actions de solidarité internationale et à la
dialectique Jeunes et Codéveloppement .

EDUCATION OF THE GIRLS: A CHALLENGE TO PICK UP

EDUCATION OF THE GIRLS: A CHALLENGE TO PICK UP

Several forces slow down the education of girls in developing countries: child labor, forced and early marriages, the insufficiency of academic infrastructure, the lack of sufficient attention by parents to the academic evolution of the girl child, the existence of sexist stereotypes in academic manuals, amongst others. The consequences generated by these actions are enormous and far reaching and constitute a base for poverty and underdevelopment.

But why the education of the girls in the first place and how do we pick up this challenge?

In fact women make up about 52% of the world’s population, thus the education of the girl child; the women of tomorrow, must be at the center of all the preoccupations of development. An educated woman constitutes a check to the difficult dilemma faced by the girl child such as:

- Child labor, a situation faced mostly by girls in developing countries.

- Early and forced marriages, which masks other problems such as the sexual exploitation of the girl child.

- Maternal and infant mortality, which is a consequence of the lack of proper hygiene and health related information.

- The rapid growth of the rate of reproduction and thus the lack of a mastery of planification, which leads to malnutrition and its related deadly outcomes.

- The “excision” also responsible for very high rates of infant mortality and the propagation of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV and AIDS. We are well aware that AIDS has a huge impact on the activities of the primary sector, and is thus one of the several causes of famine in many countries.

We uphold two recommendations which we consider pertinent to overcome the challenges underlined in the millennium objectives:

- To support and encourage the education of the girl child to at least the secondary level, concurrently with the empowerment of women.

- Integrate in an educational manner, the revision of educative programs, school projects, school manuals and the training of trainers in Gender approach.

As a matter of fact the program on the actual education of the girl child executed this far, is limited to sending girls to school, although the official report is that, the abandonment of this process also begins pretty early. A case in point is Senegal, a country which is like the head light and model in West Africa, which champions the campaign and efforts for the education of the girl child, has registered a gross rate of the education of the girl child, which has steadily progressed from 63% to 80,60% in five years (1999/2000 to 2004/2005).This is however generally limited at CEI; three year of primary education, meanwhile the boys on their part always complete at least the elementary level (source: DRA: Ministry of Education-Senegal).

The maintainance of girls at school is obviously a complex issue, however pro-development programs which are oriented towards “the financial autonomisation of women”, coupled with the enhanced sensitization and conscientisation of the society could generate tangible and anticipated positive results in the long run.

Besides some related socioeconomic and cultural factors it is also vital to revise on the other hand, such as:

- Educative programs which influence the type of man to train and educate.

- School and education projects whose formulation makes more reference to men.

- School manuals with stereotyped contents, in which girls are attached to and associated with secondary roles. Worse still, in some cases, reference to women and girls is almost inexistent in scientific manuals.

Finally, it is important to emphasis that there is need to train qualified trainers, especially teachers and educators, in such a way that existing sexist attitudes and sentiments will be checked and possibly effaced entirely.

The way forward is long and difficult, and the year 2015, has been underlined as the year to evaluate the efforts concentrated to attain the fixed objectives and the projections. The solution to the afore mentioned problem generates another problem, namely that of the education of the girl child and the maintenance of the girl child at school, consequently it is important to actually start taking into consideration the problem of maintaining the girl child at school, in order to handle other related future problems, such as the under representation of women in high professions and functions. /.

Patrice Charlemagne ADOKPO

Teacher - researcher

Brussels

adokpat@yahoo.fr ; Padokpo@ulb.ac.be

L’ EDUCATION DES FILLES : UN DEFI A RELEVER

Beaucoup de pesanteurs freinent l’éducation des filles dans les pays en développement : le travail des enfants, le mariage précoce, le mariage forcé, l’insuffisance d’infrastructures scolaires, le peu d’attention des parents à l’évolution scolaire des filles, les stéréotypes sexistes dans les manuels scolaires…. Les conséquences de ces actions sont énormes et à la base de la pauvreté et du sous-développement. Mais pourquoi l’éducation des filles et comment relever ce défi ?

Au fait les femmes constituent environ 52% de la population mondiale et l’éducation des filles – femmes de demain – doit être au centre de toute préoccupation de développement. Une femme instruite constitue un frein :

- au travail des enfants dont les filles en majorité dans les pays en développement

- aux mariages précoces ou forcés, qui cachent d’autres problématiques telles que l’exploitation sexuelle des filles

- à la mortalité maternelle et infantile, conséquence d’un manque d’hygiène et d’information

- à la croissance rapide du taux de reproduction dont la maîtrise par une planification convenable évite pour beaucoup de familles la sous-nutrition et ses conséquences

- à l’excision, responsable aussi du taux élevé de la mortalité infantile, et surtout de la propagation des maladies sexuellement transmissibles dont le SIDA. Cette dernière, nous le savons, prive de bras valides pour les activités du secteur primaire et est une des causes de la famine dans beaucoup de pays.

Deux recommandations nous semblent pertinentes pour relever le défi des objectifs du millénaire :

- Soutenir la scolarisation des filles, leur maintien à l’école jusqu’au niveau secondaire au moins et en même temps l’autonomisation des femmes.

- Intégrer dans l’éducation l’approche Genre ; ce qui suppose la révision des programmes éducatifs, projets d’écoles, manuels scolaires et la formation des formateurs à cette approche.

En effet le programme de la scolarisation des filles exécuté jusqu’ici consiste à envoyer les filles à l’école. Or le constat est que le décrochage de celles-ci commence tôt. Pour preuve le Sénégal, pays phare pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest dans les efforts de scolarisation des filles, a connu un taux brut de scolarisation (TBS) des filles qui est passé de 63% à 80,60% en cinq ans (1999/2000 à 2004/2005), mais celles-ci décrochent généralement au CE1 (troisième année du primaire) alors que les garçons terminent au moins leur cycle élémentaire ; (Source :DRH – Ministère de l’éducation – Sénégal). Le maintien des filles à l’école paraît moins aisé mais des programmes de développement orientés « autonomisation financière des femmes » couplés avec une conscientisation de la société peuvent aboutir aux résultats escomptés.

Outre les facteurs socioéconomiques et culturels, il faudra aussi penser à réviser :

- les programmes éducatifs qui influencent notablement le type d’Homme à former

- les projets scolaires dont la formulation se réfère plus à l’homme

- les manuels scolaires dont les contenus sont stéréotypés, où les femmes se voient attribuer des rôles secondaires. Par ailleurs des références aux femmes sont presque inexistantes dans les manuels scientifiques.

En fin il faut assurer la formation des formateurs, notamment des enseignants, à l’approche Genre afin de réduire les attitudes sexistes de ceux-ci.

Le chemin qui reste à faire est long et 2015 servira à évaluer les efforts consentis pour l’atteinte des objectifs fixés et les avancées. La résolution de problèmes engendre d’autres problèmes (de la scolarisation des filles au maintien des filles à l’école) et il faudra commencer à prendre vraiment en compte le problème de maintien des filles à l’école afin d’atténuer le poids d’autres problèmes futurs tels que le problème de la sous représentativité des femmes dans les hautes fonctions. /.

Patrice Charlemagne ADOKPO

Enseignant – chercheur

Béninois à Bruxelles

17/08/2006

adokpat@yahoo.fr ; Padokpo@ulb.ac.be

Cours de physique quantique

Coucou tout le monde !

Etienne Klein fait 3 cours gratuits de physique quantique à la Cité des sciences à La Villette les samedis 13, 20 et 27 janvier 2007, de 11h à 13h. Le cours est prévu pour être à la portée de tous.
Pour ceux qui peuvent se libérer et que ça intéresse !

A +,
Amandine

PAS PRIZE FOR YOUNG SCIENTISTS UNDER 40

DR. M. RAZIUDDIN SIDDIQI PRIZE FOR SCIENTISTS UNDER 40

The Pakistan Academy of Sciences has instituted Dr. M. Raziuddin Siddiqi prize for young Pakistani scientists under 40, in the fields of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry on rotating basis. The Academy invites nominations in January/February each year from its Fellows, Vice Chancellors of the Universities and Heads of the R&D Organizations. Only one name is to be proposed.

The Prize carries Rs. 15,000/- Cash, a Gold Medal and a Certificate

A scientist who has already been awarded a Gold Medal/Prize by the Academy in a particular discipline shall be eligible for another Gold Medal/Prize in the same subject after a gap of five (5) years, subject to the conditions that the medal would not be given on the basis of same work. He shall have to submit research work carried out after the award of the first medal. This should be clearly mentioned/reflected in the nomination letter. Four copies of detailed biodata, list of publications, (research papers/books), reprints in original or photocopies should accompany with the nomination. A summary/citation highlighting the achievements of the nominee is also needed.

The nominations complete, in all respects, received within due dates are processed. The documents of the candidates are sent to the Selection Committee constituted for the purpose for assessment in order of merit. On the basis of the recommendations of the Selection Committee, the Council of the Academy selects the candidates for the prize. The prize is awarded to the winners in the investiture ceremony in the General Body meeting in November/December. The decision of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences shall be final and shall not be challengeable in a court of law or elsewhere.