The Openwork Buckles of Oni Museum, Georgia
I. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University.
Faculty of humanities and social sciences;
3rd year student of Archaeological direction
Gvanca Vachadze Supervisor: Vakhtang Licheli
The Openwork Buckles of Oni Museum
The Oni regional museum was founded in 1948, and contains diverse collection of archaeological findings encompassing the Stone Age prehistoric as well as the late Feudal periods.
My attention was focused on bronze’s openwork buckles. The brief information about these unique exhibits exposed in Oni regional museum has never been published before among the scientific societies.Buckles found till our days are twelve pieces only, with main discovery spots in a mountainous region in the North-West side of Georgia named Racha.
First data about Georgian buckles can be found in German scientist Eichwald’s works. These buckles made in bronze became the focus of interest for other foreigner scientists as well (Uvarova, Pchelini, Tekhov.) who offered us the principles of grouping, establishing the origin and semantics of these exhibits and etc.
It must be pointed out that these buckles were mistakenly named South Caucasian, Caucasian, Northern Caucasian in different historical sources; this misunderstood had its origin in the fact that they were found outside the burial customs. Due to this fact it seemed impossible to establish the origin on these exhibits, as lack of the adjuvant findings to line chronological parallels strengthened the problem of dating of buckles.
The light on this problem was shined in 1939’s archaeological expedition in villages Shosheti and Brili (region of Racha) designed by organization NMK and led by Germane Gobejishvili. Numerous pieces of openwork buckles had been found in burial customs during expedition mentioned. Careful analysis of contents of burials, discovered during this expedition gave chronological frame of the buckles, period from III B.C to III A.D. Other findings during 1939’s expedition- small sized animal sculptures or birds, made in bronze are stylistically close to decorative properties of buckles. Based on these findings we can conclude that exhibits belong to arts of the same nation.
The center of Georgian buckles contains the decor of animals, supplied by additional images of different species of animals and birds, this décor we conclude must be correlated to the old belief of – Goddess Nature’s Big Mother. Despite these scenes on the buckles are the matter of artistic discussions and are viewed in a scope of artistic values, we can strongly suggest that these exhibits contain symbols and motives having deep roots in a history of Georgian nation’s beliefs
Analyzing buckles drives us to conclusion that they are of local origin in a stylistic as well as in an ideological point of view.
Georgia, Tbilisi April 28th 2010
|Archaeological finding, buckle with deer image||111.7 KB|