Genoeconomia.

La Genoeconomia (vease, Benjamin et al. 2006) despego durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX como una nueva ciencia cuyo objetivo es estudiar la influencia de factores geneticos en el comportamiento economico humano.Tal y como apuntan Benjamin et al. 2006 son tres las aportaciones de la genoeconomia a la hora de aproximarse a la complejidad del comportamiento economico humano.En pimer lugar, la genoeconomia puede contribuir a entender las formas en la que los factores geneticos amplifican o modifican las diferencias en el comportamiento eocnomico (por ejemplo, si hay susceptibilidad de detectar mecanismos geneticos que hagan a las personas mas aversivas al riesgo o al contrario mas proclives a tomar riesgos etc.) a nivel individual como institucional o social.En segundo lugar, la genoeconomia al introducir los datos geneticos puede mejorar el analisis economico de las causas del comportamiento humano determinando, en el caso de que los haya, los factores geneticos responsables de las decisiones economicas.Finalmente, la genoeconomia (o mas bien la parte economica del binomio) puede ser de utilidad para diseñar politicas de control de la informacion genetica, sus posibles usos, y abusos. Uno de los primeros estudios genoeconomicos que relaciono caracteristicas del fenotipo (termino tecnico de los biologos para referirse a las caracteristicas fisicas como el color del pelo, ojos, altura y otros rasgos que pueden ser inlcuso comportamentales)con el comportamiento economico fue el de Björn Wallace y colaboradores que aqui comentamos.Este estudio midio la "heredabilidad" del comportamiento economico en experimentos basados en la teoria de juegos.En concreto, los autores administraron el juego del ultimatum a una muestra de gemelos dizigoticos (que comparten el 50% del material genetico) y monozigoticos (que comparten el 100% del material genetico) para medir la heredabilidad del comportamiento economico de rechazo. Este tipo de juego, de entre las distintas formas de juegos existentes y utilizadas por los economistas para medir de una forma mas fiel a los cuestionarios las respuestas economicas de las personas en el laboratorio, consiste en un escenario donde una determinada cantidad de dinero tiene que repartirse entre el "poponente" y el "receptor".El proponente decide la division de la cantidad, si el receptor la aprueba ambos se llevan la propuesta acordada, pero si el receptor no acepta la division, ambos se van sin nada. En la primera parte del experimento todos los gemelos jugaron el papel de "proponentes" y se les pidio que dividieran una cantidad de dinero entre ellos y una muestra selecionada aleatoriamente de sujetos anonimos no relacionados con ellos.En la segunda parte se cambiaron los roles y los gemelos jugaron el papel de "receptores" y de igual modo jugaron el juego con una muestra seleccionada aleatoriamente no relacionados con ellos y que no jugaron en la primera parte del experimento en el papel de "proponentes".Los resultados del estudio de Wallace y colaboradores son la corroboracion de la influencia genetica en el comportamiento de rechazo en el juego del ultimatum.El rechazo, medido por el umbral de rechazo del receptor, alcanzo un 42%.En otras palabras, se observo como los sujetos del experimento (gemelos) tienden a mostrar una conducta de rechazo altamente convergente ante ciertas ofertas (no consideradas justas) en el juego del ultimatum.Wallace y colaboradores apuntan a un cambio de paradigma en las ciencias sociales. Sus resultados muestran como el comportamiento economico es heredable.----------------------------------------------- Wallace B, Cesarini D, Lichtenstein P, & Johannesson M (2007). Heritability of ultimatum game responder behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 (40), 15631-4 PMID: 179091842006-03-22T23:29:06Z 2006-03-22T23:29:06Z...

Wallace B, Cesarini D, Lichtenstein P, & Johannesson M. (2007) Heritability of ultimatum game responder behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(40), 15631-4. PMID: 17909184   Heritability of ultimatum game responder behavior.


See original: Research Blogging - All Topics - Spanish Genoeconomia.

Operation watch football, cook brunch, and take a nap is entering its final phase.

mrgunn: Operation watch football, cook brunch, and take a nap is entering its final phase.

See original: Twitter Operation watch football, cook brunch, and take a nap is entering its final phase.

"Bizarre" Octopuses Carry Coconuts as Instant Shelters

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Scientists are "blown away" by octopuses discovered tip-toeing with coconut-shell halves suctioned to their undersides, then reassembling the halves and disappearing inside—a rare example of animal tool use, a new study says. With video.





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See original: National Geographic News "Bizarre" Octopuses Carry Coconuts as Instant Shelters

Ten Climate Change "Flagship" Species Named

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Starving koalas, homeless clownfish, and gender-bending sea turtles are among ten species that join the polar bear as icons of global warming's impact, according to a new report released in Copenhagen.





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PICTURES: Octopuses Carry Coconuts as Instant Hideaways

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Octopuses off Indonesia make stow-and-go shelters out of empty coconut shells, a new study says. Once they stopped laughing, scientists hailed the behavior as a new form of tool use.





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PICTURES: Ten Climate Change "Icons" Announced

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What do quiver trees, clownfish, and koalas have in common? They're among ten "flagship" species likely to suffer huge loses due to a diverse array of global warming impacts, according to a new report.





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Naomi Klein Speaks at KlimaForum Peoples Climate Summit [The Primate Diaries]

Canadian journalist Naomi Klein, author of the international bestsellers The Shock Doctrine, No Logo, and the recent Rolling Stone article "Climate Rage," gave the following talks at the KlimaForum09 alternative climate conference in Copenhagen. As the US is insisting on a mere 17% reduction in carbon pollution based on 2005 levels (when the IPCC Working Group III Report calls for a minimum safe reduction of 25 - 40% from 1990 levels) she highlights how this conference will not come to an agreement that adequately meets the challenge we face. In order to do that, she argues, it will require a large-scale popular movement that pressures governments into making the tough political decisions.

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Also check out the featured ScienceBlog of the week: Neurotopia

See original: ScienceBlogs Select Naomi Klein Speaks at KlimaForum Peoples Climate Summit [The Primate Diaries]

Multiple sensorial media advances and applications: New developments in mulsemedia

CALL FOR CHAPTER PROPOSALS

Proposal Submission Deadline: December 20, 2009

Multiple Sensorial Media Advances and Applications: New Developments in MulSeMedia

A book edited by Dr. George Ghinea (Brunel University), Dr. Frederic Andres (NII/CVCE), and Dr. Stephen Gulliver (University of Reading)



To be published by IGI Global: http://www.igi-global.com/requests/details.asp?ID=752



INTRODUCTION

Traditionally, multimedia applications have primarily engaged two of the human senses - the audio and the visual - out of the five possible. With recent advances in computational technology, it is now possible to talk of applications that engage the other three senses, as well: tactile, olfaction, and gustatory. This integration leads to a paradigm shift away from the old multimedia towards the new mulsemedia - multiple sensorial media.



RECOMMENDED TOPICS

Mulsemedia brings with itself new and exciting challenges and opportunities in research, industry, commerce, and academia. This book solicits chapters dealing with mulsemedia in all of these areas.



Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

. Context-aware Mulsemedia

. Metrics for Mulsemedia

. Mulsemedia devices

. Mulsemedia in distributed environments

. Mulsemedia integration

[More...]

See original: Eventseer.net - the academic event tracker Multiple sensorial media advances and applications: New developments in mulsemedia

1st international workshop on multimedia and semantic technologies (MUST 2010)

Call for Papers



The Workshop on Multimedia and Semantic Technologies (MUST'10) aims at high quality research contributions in multimedia semantic computing, with a focus on how to apply the semantic technologies to the acquisition, generation, storage, processing, and retrieval of large-scale multimedia information. A main goal of MUST is to address emerging research challenges in Semantic Multimedia and to help reducing the Semantic Gap between low-level content descriptions of multimedia and the semantics in high-level human interpretations of audiovisual media. Semantic Web and multimedia community researchers are encouraged to join the workshop to benefit from the presentation of results from multimedia based research, which demonstrate important multimedia applications which could be enhanced by Semantic Web technologies.



MUST'10 will be held in conjunction with FutureTech 2010, in Busan, Korea, 21-23 May 2010.



MUST'10 encourages a multidisciplinary perspective and welcomes papers that address challenges of multimedia in general or in the context of specific domains.



The selected outstanding papers will be published in Multimedia Tools and Applications (SCIE) Journal.



Workshop topics of interest include, but are not limited to the following:



* Advanced Semantic Descriptors and Similarity Metrics for Multimedia

* Advanced Semantic and Content-based Multimedia Analysis

* Machine Learning and Relevance Feedback in Multimedia Analysis and Retrieval

* Ontology Engineering and Ontology-based Multimedia Mining and Retrieval

* Semantic Web technologies and Multimedia

* Semantic-driven Multimedia Indexing and Retrieval



* Semantic-driven Multimedia Personalization and Adaptation

* Interfaces for Web-scale Multimedia Repositories

* Affective/Emotional Interaction or Interfaces in Multimedia Applications

[More...]

See original: Eventseer.net - the academic event tracker 1st international workshop on multimedia and semantic technologies (MUST 2010)

International journal of cyber ethics in education

Dear Colleagues,



The IGI Global, an international publishing company specializing in

high-quality research publications in the fields of computer science and

information technology management, announces a new refereed electronic and

print journal forthcoming in 2011: The International Journal of Cyber

Ethics in Education (IJCEE).



The IJCEE (www.igi-global.com/ijcee) will provide state-of-the-art

research on the impact and general principles of ethical computer use in

academics, while also emphasizing the cyberphilosophical aspect of

human-computer interaction. As a quarterly journal, IJCEE will publish

empirical research, theoretical studies, case studies, and book reviews

that focus on the integrity of computer use in education.



We look forward to your contribution to the journal.



Yours sincerely,



Kadir Beycioglu, PhD

[More...]

See original: Eventseer.net - the academic event tracker International journal of cyber ethics in education

1st international workshop on multimedia and semantic technologies (MUST 2010)

CFP in .TXT and PDF format.



The Workshop on Multimedia and Semantic Technologies (MUST'10) aims at high quality research contributions in multimedia semantic computing, with a focus on how to apply the semantic technologies to the acquisition, generation, storage, processing, and retrieval of large-scale multimedia information. A main goal of MUST is to address emerging research challenges in Semantic Multimedia and to help reducing the Semantic Gap between low-level content descriptions of multimedia and the semantics in high-level human interpretations of audiovisual media. Semantic Web and multimedia community researchers are encouraged to join the workshop to benefit from the presentation of results from multimedia based research, which demonstrate important multimedia applications which could be enhanced by Semantic Web technologies.



MUST'10 will be held in conjunction with FutureTech 2010, in Busan, Korea, 21-23 May 2010.



MUST'10 encourages a multidisciplinary perspective and welcomes papers that address challenges of multimedia in general or in the context of specific domains.



The selected outstanding papers will be published in Multimedia Tools and Applications (SCIE) Journal.



Workshop topics of interest include, but are not limited to the following:



* Advanced Semantic Descriptors and Similarity Metrics for Multimedia

* Advanced Semantic and Content-based Multimedia Analysis

* Machine Learning and Relevance Feedback in Multimedia Analysis and Retrieval

* Ontology Engineering and Ontology-based Multimedia Mining and Retrieval

* Semantic Web technologies and Multimedia

* Semantic-driven Multimedia Indexing and Retrieval

* Semantic-driven Multimedia Personalization and Adaptation

* Interfaces for Web-scale Multimedia Repositories

* Affective/Emotional Interaction or Interfaces in Multimedia Applications

[More...]

See original: Eventseer.net - the academic event tracker 1st international workshop on multimedia and semantic technologies (MUST 2010)

19th european conference on information systems (ECIS 2011)

The 19th European Conference on Information Systems ECIS 2011 - ICT and Sustainable Service Development



Call for Proposals for Conference Tracks



In 2011 the European Conference on Information Systems will be held in Helsinki, Finland, hosted by Aalto University School of Economics (formerly known as Helsinki School of Economics, HSE). As in previous years, the conference will be organised around conference tracks, focusing on both established and emergent areas of IS research.



If you aspire to be a track chair for ECIS 2011, this call is for you. We are inviting you to propose a conference track and to submit it to ecis2011@hse.fi. Each proposal will be evaluated by the Research and Research in Progress chairs in conjunction with the programme and conference chairs. Decisions will be based on the overall merit of the proposal, the diversity of the track team and the fit with the conference theme.



Your responsibilities as a track chair will be to:



1) promote the track and take sufficient measures to ensure an adequate number of submissions

2) organise a peer review cycle for the papers submitted to your track (assisted by a set of Associate Editors)

3) propose to the program committee the papers that will eventually be accepted for inclusion into the conference program

4) liaise with the research chairs on all other matters that concern ECIS 2011



Track proposals should provide a motivation for the track, a brief overview of the area, sample topics, types of contributions welcomed, and an assessment of overall appeal to conference attendees. Specifically, track proposals should include:



1) A title for the conference track

2) Names, e-mail and mailing addresses, affiliations, phone and fax numbers of the two to three track co-chairs. Please designate one of the co-chairs as the primary contact person.

3) A short description of the track and its focus: define the proposed area of research, discuss the topics the track will address, and how they fit into the conference theme.

4) A discussion on how these topics have recently been covered in other conferences and publications, and to substantiate that ECIS 2011 will be an appropriate and timely forum for the topics.

5) A discussion on what types of contributions are sought for: full research papers, research in progress, and/or teaching cases.

[More...]

See original: Eventseer.net - the academic event tracker 19th european conference on information systems (ECIS 2011)