Experts' meeting on the Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific Progress and its Applications

Last summer UNESCO joined with other organizations to convene an expert meeting on the rights of people to enjoy the benefits of science and the applications of science. Now a brochure has been published with the findings of that meeting.

The right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications (REBSP) is enshrined in various international and regional instruments. It was proclaimed for the first time in Article 13 of the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (1948) which states that “every person has the right […] to participate in the benefits that result from intellectual progress, especially scientific discoveries.”

The REBSP was further enshrined in Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) which stipulates that “everyone has the right […] to share in scientific advancements and its benefits.”

This right became a binding norm when it was included in Article 15 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR, 1966), which recognizes “the right of everyone to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications.”

See original: UNESCO in the Spotlight: Science and Communications Experts' meeting on the Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific Progress and its Applications

Photodynamic therapy induces microRNA-210 and -296 expression in HeLa cells.

J Biophotonics. 2009 Dec 1;
Kushibiki T

Apoptosis-related microRNAs (miRNAs), the expression levels of which were observed to increase after photodynamic therapy (PDT), were identified as markers of PDT efficacy. miRNAs form a class of small endogenous RNAs that play important regulatory roles by targeting mRNA for cleavage or translational repression. miRNAs contribute to diverse biological processes, including development, cell growth, apoptosis, and hematopoiesis, which suggests a role in cancer development. However, no previous reports have described a relationship between apoptosis and miRNA expression after PDT. In this study, apoptosis-related miRNA levels were characterized by real-time PCR after PDT in HeLa cells. miR-210 and miR-296 expression levels increased 1 hour after PDT, although the other apoptosis-related miRNA (miR-7, miR-148a, miR-204, and miR-216) expression levels were unchanged. Since miR-210 is the most prominent miRNA consistently stimulated under hypoxic conditions and VEGF is capable of increasing miR-296 expression levels, these data suggest that hypoxia induced by PDT induces miR-210 expression, followed by an increase of VEGF expression and miR-296 expression. These results constitute the first report of an analysis of miRNA expression after PDT using talaporfin sodium as a photosensitizer, demonstrating that miR-210 and miR-296 expression levels are markers of PDT efficacy in HeLa cells. ((c) 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim).

See original: HubMed - "young researchers" Photodynamic therapy induces microRNA-210 and -296 expression in HeLa cells.

Intracranial displacement of the eye after blunt trauma.

J Neuroophthalmol. 2009 Dec; 29(4): 311
Miabi Z, Nezami N, Midia M, Midia R

A 67-year-old man fell from an agricultural vehicle and struck his right eye on a protruding element. Eight hours later, he was brought to the emergency unit of an ophthalmology hospital where examiners could not find the right eye and believed it to have been completely destroyed. However, CT disclosed that the eye, apparently still intact, had been displaced into the anterior cranial fossa through a fracture in the orbital roof. This is the first documentation of such a phenomenon.

See original: HubMed - "young researchers" Intracranial displacement of the eye after blunt trauma.

World Science Forum Wound Up on a Cautiously Optimistic Note


Great responsibility rests on scientists in giving help to politicians enabling them to bring good long-term political decisions in Copenhagen at the coming climate summit.

In this respect the World Science Forum held in Budapest certainly has its merits, said Hungarian Prime Minister Gordon Bajnai at WSF’s 7 November closing session. WSF had a message to players outside the scientific field, to representatives of government, decision-makers in business, but also to the average person. Everyone should understand what an important role science plays in forming the future.

Read more!

See original: UNESCO in the Spotlight: Science and Communications World Science Forum Wound Up on a Cautiously Optimistic Note

Novel carbon-trading scheme could stop large-scale extinctions

A new strategy for saving tropical forest species was published in the leading journal Science on the eve of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Copenhagen, Denmark, by a team of researchers, including William Laurance, senior staff scientist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and distinguished professor at James Cook University.


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See original: Science News Novel carbon-trading scheme could stop large-scale extinctions

Researchers identify gene that spurs deadly brain cancer

Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers have identified a new factor that is necessary for the development of many forms of medulloblastoma, the most common type of malignant childhood brain cancer.

HHMI investigator Huda Y.


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See original: Science News Researchers identify gene that spurs deadly brain cancer

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Dams Could Alter Local Weather, Cause More Rain

As if America’s aging dams were not in enough trouble already, new research suggests that their reservoirs could be increasing the intensity of extreme rainstorms in their immediate vicinities.
That’s a problem because the dams were designed for the climate that existed in the area before they were built. If by virtue of their creation, they [...]

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See original: Science News Dams Could Alter Local Weather, Cause More Rain

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See original: Twitter Visualizing empires decline http://ff.im/cobFf