How in the world did I end up with six XO laptops in my third grade classroom? I only bought one, back in the original 2007 G1G1. I remember that day well.
Showing off at Seattle XO
I was pumped to order one on the first day they were made available, so I was up early. Unbelievably, our cable Internet service was out! Determined, I plugged in a laptop, snagged a neighbor's Internet connection (all in the spirit of international collaboration of course), and ordered one. Thankfully, I was spared from the delivery nightmare suffered by many others - mine arrived just before Christmas, 2007.
I soon found I wanted to connect in person with other XO users, and so attended a couple of meetings of the Seattle XO User group. It was a wonderful group of people, but I felt WAY over my head technically. The group may be reforming soon, as I was happy to read in Re-Starting Pacific Northwest OLPC User Groups.
See original: XO Laptop Experience in Seattle Classroom
[Scientific evidence for CBT-based self help in depression. Via Internet can more receive treatment]Fri, 11/12/2009 - 3:42pm | by daniel
Lakartidningen. 2009 Jan 28-Feb 3; 106(5): 282-6
Bergström J, Andersson G, Lindefors J
Indian J Cancer. 2009 Jan-Mar; 46(1): 17-27
Bid HK, Konwar R, Kumar S
Endocrine cancers are some of the commonest forms of cancer getting mention as early as in old papyruses of Egypt. Our current knowledge about this cluster of cancer has grown immensely with improved survival rates. In the era of specialization and super specialization, we started peeking into these conditions more elaborately and beyond microscopically. The growing awareness demanded categorization of information into disease basics like molecular pathology of initiation and progression; advanced diagnostics; new therapeutic options; patient awareness and involvement in clinical trials. Recent advances in genomics and hereditary counseling have delineated pre-disease forecasting possibilities. With advanced diagnostics and therapeutic modalities, we saw an increase in cancer survivors demanding extra care and moral support. Throughout these developments, we went through a boost in global information communications, the main thrust being the Internet. Networking of computers globally generated a platform that created a ripple of knowledge far and wide. The purpose of this review is to investigate how the Internet is supporting the growth and development of the field of endocrine cancer, and present and future scope of the Internet as a tool for professionals involved in this area. The information furnished here were collected from cited references as well as all websites mentioned in the tables.
See original: Endocrinological cancers and the internet.
Annu Rev Public Health. 2009 Apr 29; 30: 273-92
Bennett GG, Glasgow RE
The Internet increasingly serves as a platform for the delivery of public health interventions. The efficacy of Internet interventions has been demonstrated across a wide range of conditions. Much more work remains, however, to enhance the potential for broad population dissemination of Internet interventions. In this article, we examine the effectiveness of Internet interventions, with particular attention to their dissemination potential. We discuss several considerations (characterizing reach rates, minimizing attrition, promoting Web site utilization, use of tailored messaging and social networking) that may improve the implementation of Internet interventions and their associated outcomes. We review factors that may influence the adoption of Internet interventions in a range of potential dissemination settings. Finally, we present several recommendations for future research that highlight the potential importance of better understanding intervention reach, developing consensus regarding Web site usage metrics, and more broadly integrating Web 2.0 functionality.
Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2008 Dec; 29(4): 654-8
Pessoa SC, Vieira Dde A, Cavalcanti FI
This article is about the use of Internet by the elderly as a new space of social practices among other means of communication and sociological interaction. The subject arose from a PhD study on the life of the elderly in an old people's home in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil and the need to involve and keep them busy with the outside world through new technologies. The Internet as a sociological space demonstrates that it is possible to gather people of all ages in different spaces of sociability. This communication network created by technology has become the entrance for the elderly to an environment that until now had only been visited by younger people. This opening leads to a revolution, since it enables the elderly to become active and be connected. This article provides evidence on the sociological phenomenon of cyber culture.
See original: [The Internet: a space of sociability for the elderly]
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2009 Mar-Apr; 59(3-4): 159-66; quiz 167-70
Berger T, Andersson G
CMAJ. 2009 Apr 14; 180(8): 829-31
Wilson K, Brownstein JS
See original: Early detection of disease outbreaks using the Internet.
Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2009 Jul; 22(4): 351-6
Guan SS, Subrahmanyam K
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Internet has become all pervasive in the lives of young people and this paper will review studies that examine the risks and opportunities that it affords. We will examine research that investigates the more negative aspects of youth online behavior such as addiction as well as online risks such as harassment/cyber bullying and sexual solicitation. In addition, positive aspects of Internet use such as its potential for learning and enhancing social relations as well as delivering health interventions will be examined. RECENT FINDINGS: The results show that online risks such as addiction, cyber bullying, and sexual solicitation are associated with negative consequences for youth. It is important to note that not all children are equally susceptible and more research is necessary to identify the youth most at risk as well as to develop effective interventions. The Internet can also provide benefits in the areas of cognitive, social, and physical development, and can also be used to deliver treatment interventions. SUMMARY: The Internet represents both risks and opportunities for young people. To protect youth who are at risk for online addiction, bullying, and solicitation, we need more research to understand which youth may be most susceptible and to develop targeted interventions to protect them. The Internet also has many positive aspects and can be used to enhance youth learning and empowerment; although it is a tremendous health resource and can be used to cheaply deliver interventions, we need to understand how to better implement them to enhance their effectiveness.
See original: Youth Internet use: risks and opportunities.
Internet-based interventions for traumatic stress-related mental health problems: a review and suggestion for future research.Fri, 11/12/2009 - 3:42pm | by daniel
Clin Psychol Rev. 2009 Jul; 29(5): 410-20
Amstadter AB, Broman-Fulks J, Zinzow H, Ruggiero KJ, Cercone J
Exposure to potentially traumatic events is a common occurrence. Most individuals exposed to such an event are resilient or recover rapidly, although some individuals develop psychological problems that warrant treatment. However, a small percentage of individuals seek traditional treatment, thereby calling for novel approaches or methodologies of treatment. The present paper provides a comprehensive and critical review of the extant literature on computerized and internet-based interventions (IBIs) for traumatic stress-related conditions (i.e., panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder/complicated grief, depression, comorbid anxiety and depression, alcohol abuse, smoking cessation). Generally, computerized or IBIs for depression and anxiety are yielding effect sizes that are comparable to traditional psychosocial treatment. Interventions aimed at alcohol and smoking cessation generally have lower effect sizes than do IBIs for anxiety and depression. Most interventions reviewed in this paper included common components (e.g., were developed through a cognitive behavioral framework and included psychoeducation, cognitive restructuring, goal setting, exposure). Therefore, it is possible that these shared features may in part account for symptom reduction. Little is known regarding mechanisms of change. Future directions for novel web-based approaches to treatment are provided.
J Med Internet Res. 2009; 11(2): e13
Christensen H, Griffiths KM, Farrer L
BACKGROUND: Open access websites which deliver cognitive and behavioral interventions for anxiety and depression are characterised by poor adherence. We need to understand more about adherence in order to maximize the impact of Internet-based interventions on the disease burden associated with common mental disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this paper are to review briefly the adherence literature with respect to Internet interventions and to investigate the rates of dropout and compliance in randomized controlled trials of anxiety and depression Web studies. METHODS: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials using Internet interventions for anxiety and depression was conducted, and data was collected on dropout and adherence, predictors of adherence, and reasons for dropout. RESULTS: Relative to reported rates of dropout from open access sites, the present study found that the rates of attrition in randomized controlled trials were lower, ranging from approximately 1 - 50%. Predictors of adherence included disease severity, treatment length, and chronicity. Very few studies formally examined reasons for dropout, and most studies failed to use appropriate statistical techniques to analyze missing data. CONCLUSIONS: Dropout rates from randomized controlled trials of Web interventions are low relative to dropout from open access websites. The development of theoretical models of adherence is as important in the area of Internet intervention research as it is in the behavioral health literature. Disease-based factors in anxiety and depression need further investigation.
A bibliometric analysis of the scientific literature on Internet, video games, and cell phone addiction.Fri, 11/12/2009 - 3:41pm | by daniel
J Med Libr Assoc. 2009 Apr; 97(2): 102-7
Carbonell X, Guardiola E, Beranuy M, Bellés A
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to locate the scientific literature dealing with addiction to the Internet, video games, and cell phones and to characterize the pattern of publications in these areas. METHODS: One hundred seventy-nine valid articles were retrieved from PubMed and PsycINFO between 1996 and 2005 related to pathological Internet, cell phone, or video game use. RESULTS: The years with the highest numbers of articles published were 2004 (n = 42) and 2005 (n = 40). The most productive countries, in terms of number of articles published, were the United States (n = 52), China (n = 23), the United Kingdom (n = 17), Taiwan (n = 13), and South Korea (n = 9). The most commonly used language was English (65.4%), followed by Chinese (12.8%) and Spanish (4.5%). Articles were published in 96 different journals, of which 22 published 2 or more articles. The journal that published the most articles was Cyberpsychology & Behavior (n = 41). Addiction to the Internet was the most intensely studied (85.3%), followed by addiction to video games (13.6%) and cell phones (2.1%). CONCLUSIONS: The number of publications in this area is growing, but it is difficult to conduct precise searches due to a lack of clear terminology. To facilitate retrieval, bibliographic databases should include descriptor terms referring specifically to Internet, video games, and cell phone addiction as well as to more general addictions involving communications and information technologies and other behavioral addictions.
Nervenarzt. 2009 Jul; 80(7): 797-804
Kersting A, Schlicht S, Kroker K
Internet therapy is directed toward people whose access to the usual treatment structures is limited. Further, Internet therapy is aimed at patients with circumscribed psychiatric disorders or symptoms. Compared to usual face-to-face treatment the duration of the Internet therapy programs evaluated were rather short, and frequently only small populations were examined. The studies presented demonstrate that Internet-based therapy of specific disorders is suitable for a significant reduction of symptoms. As follow-up data of longer duration are not available, no concluding statement relating to sustained symptom reduction can be made. Further, it remains unclear whether efficacy of the Internet therapy programs examined is comparable to usual treatment, since only two studies compare Internet therapy with face-to-face treatment.
See original: [Internet therapy. Opportunities and boundaries]
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 2009 May; 77(5): 263-71
Petersen KU, Weymann N, Schelb Y, Thiel R, Thomasius R
In 2009, we can look back on a history of 40 years of internet use. While most consumers make use of the internet in a controlled fashion, a progressive loss of the ability to control the frequency and duration of internet activities emerges in some users. As a consequence, the excessive time devoted to internet use and the behavioural narrowing can lead to dramatic psychosocial outcomes. This phenomenon is referred to as "pathological internet use" (PIU). On behalf of the German ministry of health a systematic review of the literature since 1996 has been carried out. The main results will be presented in this review. Prevalence data on pathological internet use are limited by methodological difficulties concerning the diagnosis and the heterogeneity of diagnostical instruments. International prevalence rates range from 1.5 % to 8.2 %. Annual studies on representative samples of the German population describe their internet use and patterns of use, but information on the prevalence of PIU is missing. Diagnostical instruments are needed that show sufficient reliability and validity and allow international comparisons. Research on the Dutch "Compulsive Internet Use Scale" may close this gap. Cross-sectional studies on samples of patients report high comorbidity of PIU with psychiatric disorders, e. g. affective disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). If PIU and these co-occurring disorders could be explained by shared risk factors or better as secondary disorders is largely unknown. The treatment currently is based on therapeutical interventions and strategies successful in the treatment of substance use disorders. Due to the lack of methodological sufficient research it is currently impossible to recommend any evidence-based treatment of PIU.
Parenthood, information and support on the internet. A literature review of research on parents and professionals online.Fri, 11/12/2009 - 3:41pm | by daniel
BMC Fam Pract. 2009; 10: 34
Plantin L, Daneback K
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article was to address questions on how parents use the internet to find information and support regarding children, health and family life. Another aim was to find out how professionals use the internet to provide support and information to parents. This was done by a literature review. METHODS: Articles were searched for in five databases with a search strategy called "building block" approach. RESULTS: The review showed that the majority of today's parents search for both information and social support on the internet. However, there are considerable differences due to gender, age and socio-economic differences. First time middle class mothers aged 30-35 are most active in looking up health and parent information on the internet. In the same time, several studies report diminishing class differences on parent web sites. An important reason to the increasing number of parents who turn to the internet for information and interaction has shown to be the weakened support many of today's parents experience from their own parents, relatives and friends. Professionals have recognized the parents' great interest for going online and offer both information and support on the net. CONCLUSION: Many benefits are reported, for example the possibility to reach out to a wider audience and to increase access to organisations without an increase in costs. Other benefits include the possibility for parents to remain anonymous in their contacts with professionals and that parents' perceived need for information can be effectively met around the clock. Interventions for wider groups of parents, such as parent training on the net, are still very rare and more research is needed to evaluate different types of interventions on the net. However, most studies were empirical and lacked theoretical frameworks which leave questions on how we can more fully understand this phenomenon unanswered.
Pain Physician. 2009 May-Jun; 12(3): 659-64
Historically, if a patient was dissatisfied with care, he or she could tell his or her friends and family. The criticism was limited to a small circle of people. If the patient was injured negligently, he or she could hire an attorney to prosecute a lawsuit. The threshold for finding an attorney and prevailing posed a significant barrier for the patient achieving redress. With the Internet, if a patient is unhappy he or she needs do little more than access a growing number of Internet physician rating sites. Such criticism can be rendered anonymously. The posts are disseminated worldwide, and once posted, the criticism rarely comes down. While transparency is a laudable goal, such sites often lack accountability. More formal sites run by authoritative bodies, such as medical licensing boards, also provide data about physicians, but such data is often unfiltered, making it difficult for the public to properly interpret. Given how important reputation is to physicians, the traditional remedy of suing for defamation because of libelous posts is ordinarily ineffective. First, many patients who post libelous comments, do so anonymously. Next, the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) hosting such sites are generally immune from liability for defamation. Finally, the law has a very formal definition for libel, and a negative rating does not necessarily equate to "defamation." A novel method of addressing un-policed physician rating sites in the Internet age is described. The system embraces the use of mutual privacy contracts to provide physicians a viable remedy to anonymous posts. In exchange, patients receive additional privacy protections above and beyond that mandated by law.
See original: The role of the Internet in doctor performance rating.