Social networkers' attitudes toward direct-to-consumer personal genome testing.

Am J Bioeth. 2009; 9(6-7): 3-10
McGuire AL, Diaz CM, Wang T, Hilsenbeck SG

PURPOSE: This study explores social networkers' interest in and attitudes toward personal genome testing (PGT), focusing on expectations related to the clinical integration of PGT results. METHODS: An online survey of 1,087 social networking users was conducted to assess 1) use and interest in PGT; 2) attitudes toward PGT companies and test results; and 3) expectations for the clinical integration of PGT. Descriptive statistics were calculated to summarize respondents' characteristics and responses. RESULTS: Six percent of respondents have used PGT, 64% would consider using PGT, and 30% would not use PGT. Of those who would consider using PGT, 74% report they would use it to gain knowledge about disease in their family. 34% of all respondents consider the information obtained from PGT to be a medical diagnosis. 78% of those who would consider PGT would ask their physician for help interpreting test results, and 61% of all respondents believe physicians have a professional obligation to help individuals interpret PGT results. CONCLUSION: Respondents express interest in using PGT services, primarily for purposes related to their medical care and expect physicians to help interpret PGT results. Physicians should therefore be prepared for patient demands for information and counsel on the basis of PGT results.

See original: HubMed - "social networking" Social networkers' attitudes toward direct-to-consumer personal genome testing.

How to search for information on transcultural nursing and health subjects: Internet and CD-ROM resources.

J Transcult Nurs. 1999 Jan; 10(1): 69-74
Andrews MM

With the proliferation of electronic resources available to search for subjects related to transcultural nursing and health, nurses must keep abreast of computer-based tools that enable them to quickly and efficiently obtain information on a variety of topics. This article provides suggestions for narrowing and focusing a search on transcultural nursing and related subjects using key terms indexed in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, International Nursing Index, Medline, Index Medicus, and Psychological Abstracts/PsychLit. Information about accessing the Native American Resource Information Service, Education Resources Information Center, Infotrac/Expanded Academic Index, and Sociological Abstracts also is provided. In the article, selected examples of Internet sites of interest in transcultural nursing and health are identified with their universal resource locator, and they are annotated. Web sites for U.S. government agencies, organizations, and commercial groups that concern transcultural nursing and health are cited. Global transcultural health and nursing Internet resources also are included.

See original: HubMed - "universal resource locator"[tiab] How to search for information on transcultural nursing and health subjects: Internet and CD-ROM resources.

Where to find nutritional science journals on the World Wide Web.

J Nutr. 1997 Aug; 127(8): 1527-32
Brown CM

The World Wide Web (WWW) is a burgeoning information resource that can be utilized for current awareness and assistance in manuscript preparation and submission. The ever changing and expanding nature of the WWW allows it to provide up to the minute information, but this inherent changeability often makes information access difficult. To assist nutrition scientists in locating useful information about nutritional science journals on the WWW, this article critically reviews and describes the WWW sites for seventeen highly ranked nutrition and dietetics journals. Included in each annotation are the site's title, web address or Universal Resource Locator (URL), journal ranking and site authorship. Also listed is whether or not the site makes available the guidelines for authors, tables of contents, abstracts, online ordering, as well as information about the editorial board. This critical survey illustrates that the information on the web, regardless of its authority, is not of equal quality.

See original: HubMed - "universal resource locator"[tiab] Where to find nutritional science journals on the World Wide Web.

Pilot study of linking Web-based supplemental interpretive information to laboratory test reports.

Am J Clin Pathol. 2009 Dec; 132(6): 818-23
Shirts BH, Gundlapalli AV, Jackson B

Electronic medical records have the ability to link to reference material, providing clinicians with immediate access to information relevant to patient care. Adding relevant links to laboratory test results could add value while minimizing the volume of ancillary text presented. We provided Web-based universal resource locator (URL) links with all results of 7 laboratory tests ordered at ARUP Laboratories (Salt Lake City, UT). URL links provided were modified 7 months later, and use between initial and subsequent URLs was tracked to establish frequency and duration of access to supplemental Web information. Monthly Web-site hit rates for individual tests varied from 0.00% to 3.00% (median, 0.12%). Rare and specialty tests averaged higher hit rates. There was no decay in hit rate 9 months after URLs were removed from test reports. We conclude that links to reference material are accessed by clinicians. The use of Web links months after links were no longer published raises an important issue of long-term maintenance and the resources required to support these features.

See original: HubMed - "universal resource locator"[tiab] Pilot study of linking Web-based supplemental interpretive information to laboratory test reports.

Userscripts for the life sciences.

BMC Bioinformatics. 2007; 8: 487
Willighagen EL, O'Boyle NM, Gopalakrishnan H, Jiao D, Guha R, Steinbeck C, Wild DJ

BACKGROUND: The web has seen an explosion of chemistry and biology related resources in the last 15 years: thousands of scientific journals, databases, wikis, blogs and resources are available with a wide variety of types of information. There is a huge need to aggregate and organise this information. However, the sheer number of resources makes it unrealistic to link them all in a centralised manner. Instead, search engines to find information in those resources flourish, and formal languages like Resource Description Framework and Web Ontology Language are increasingly used to allow linking of resources. A recent development is the use of userscripts to change the appearance of web pages, by on-the-fly modification of the web content. This opens possibilities to aggregate information and computational results from different web resources into the web page of one of those resources. RESULTS: Several userscripts are presented that enrich biology and chemistry related web resources by incorporating or linking to other computational or data sources on the web. The scripts make use of Greasemonkey-like plugins for web browsers and are written in JavaScript. Information from third-party resources are extracted using open Application Programming Interfaces, while common Universal Resource Locator schemes are used to make deep links to related information in that external resource. The userscripts presented here use a variety of techniques and resources, and show the potential of such scripts. CONCLUSION: This paper discusses a number of userscripts that aggregate information from two or more web resources. Examples are shown that enrich web pages with information from other resources, and show how information from web pages can be used to link to, search, and process information in other resources. Due to the nature of userscripts, scientists are able to select those scripts they find useful on a daily basis, as the scripts run directly in their own web browser rather than on the web server. This flexibility allows the scientists to tune the features of web resources to optimise their productivity.

See original: HubMed - "universal resource locator"[tiab] Userscripts for the life sciences.

RIS minus PACS equals film.

J Digit Imaging. 2002; 15 Suppl 1: 20-6
Tellis WM, Andriole KP, Jovais CS, Avrin DE

Web-based integration methods can be used to resolve a fundamental issue in the transition from film to a picture archiving and communication system (PACS): the identification of relevant prior studies only available on film. Even in the most ambitious conversions from a film-based environment to PACS, there are issues regarding prior studies not on PACS. Failure to compare with prior exams is one of the known risk factors for malpractice in radiology. While most commercial PACS systems today have some degree of RIS integration, knowledge of prior studies is usually limited to an awareness of studies in the PACS. On the other hand, most RIS systems today do not or cannot distinguish between studies on film and those in PACS. We made the observation, from a set theory perspective, that in general: Therefore we sought to create a system that would query both the RIS and PACS and reconcile the results using the above set operation. The query is initiated from a display station via the invocation of a Web browser installed on that station. The process of starting the browser is implemented using a scripting language provided by the workstation vendor, though the use of other mechanisms, such as the CCOW (Clinical Context Object Workgroup) or IHE (RSNA Integrated Healthcare Enterprise) interfaces, can be supported by this architecture. The medical record number, which identifies the current patient and is the primary parameter of the query, is passed as part of the URL (Universal Resource Locator) used to launch the browser. Once running, the browser connects to a Web server that hosts a JSP (Java Server Page) page that performs a DICOM query of the PACS and an HL7 query of the RIS, and then collates the results using the set operation described above. Both the DICOM and HL7 functionality are provided by Java-based toolkits developed in house. The results are returned to the client's browser as a standard HTML page with a tabular format detailing which studies are on PACS and which are available only on film. The responsiveness of the system in terms of time required to complete the two queries and display the results was measured. In addition, the number of diagnostic reports, whose retrieval was triggered by the results of the queries, was monitored to determine the overall performance and use of the system. This project demonstrates that, with minimal modification of commercial software, Web-based integration methods exist to enable patient-context sensitive queries from the diagnostic workstation that identify relevant prior studies that exist only on film and are unknown to the PACS. As a result radiologist workflow is enhanced by the elimination of the need to consult a physically separate system for this type of information. In addition, quality of service is improved by providing more accurate and easier identification of relevant prior studies.

See original: HubMed - "universal resource locator"[tiab] RIS minus PACS equals film.

@LabSpaces Seems I'm missing quite the spicy conversation...give 'em hell!

mrgunn: @LabSpaces Seems I'm missing quite the spicy conversation...give 'em hell!

See original: Twitter @LabSpaces Seems I'm missing quite the spicy conversation...give 'em hell!

Learning to love cap and trade: The Cantwell-Collins option [The Island of Doubt]

Forget Copenhagen for a moment, and turn your attention back to the U.S. legislative process, into which has just been thrown a new option, a "third option" that just might be able to satisfy both the "it's the only game in town so let's support the cap-and-trade bills now before Congress" gang and those who call cap and trade a scam that's doomed to fail.

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See original: ScienceBlogs Select Learning to love cap and trade: The Cantwell-Collins option [The Island of Doubt]

COP15 Behind the Scenes: The Google stand

Watch the COP15 Behind the Scenes film about the Google stand at the Climate Change Conference in the Bella Center, Copenhagen
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See original: Uploads by Cop15 COP15 Behind the Scenes: The Google stand joins orcid initiative

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COP15 Behind the Scenes: NGO voices at COP15

Watch the COP15 behind the Scenes film about ngo's at COP15
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