In a filing with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware late on Monday, deCODE listed total assets of $69.9 million and total debt of $313.9 million, as of June 30.
deCODE launched in 1996, basing its business plan on its unique access to biological samples and genealogical and medical records from the small, homogeneous Icelandic population. Since its launch it has proved wildly successful as a research institute, generating an astonishing number of high-profile publications on the genetics of common traits and diseases. Unfortunately it has also been a complete disaster as a commercial venture, haemorrhaging away over $700 million while failing to generate a single quarterly profit.
For the financially cognisant, I've added more details from Stockhouse:
You've probably seen - presumably on TV - Nile crocs Crocodylus niloticus interacting with Common hippos Hippopotamus amphibius (if you've seen it in real life, lucky you). By and large the two seem to keep apart. Having said that, there are certainly photos of the two sharing the same sandbanks. And then there are those instances of hippos scaring crocs away from carcasses, the weird reports of hippos mouthing and chewing the backs and tails of resting crocodiles, and those cases where crocodiles have been seen to walk or run across hippos' backs.
What can certainly be said to be the most remarkable croc-hippo encounter yet reported was photographed by Czech wildlife photographer Václav Šilha last year, and yesterday they were featured in various national newspapers. Here's the best photo (in my opinion: you may already have seen it November's BBC Wildlife magazine).
Article-Level Metrics and the Evolution of Scientific Impact - http://www.citeulike.org/user...
Wave as a scholarly document editor: not promising at this stage - http://ptsefton.com/2009...
RT @trakin: I am a Human Being 1st then an Indian then a Marathi speaking Punekar & am proud of it. Thackereys be damned. (@ankit_a)Tue, 17/11/2009 - 9:45am | by sandygautam
@blogadda Joseph LeDoux. The emotional Brain. I'm sure u'r not that excited about finding this out?-:)Tue, 17/11/2009 - 9:36am | by sandygautam
sandygautam: @blogadda Joseph LeDoux. The emotional Brain. I'm sure u'r not that excited about finding this out?-:)
A new study looks at wetland recovery on formerly reclaimed agricultural lands once farming practices are abandoned and the levees are breached......
MacDonald, G., Noel, P., Proosdij, D., & Chmura, G. (2009) The Legacy of Agricultural Reclamation on Channel and Pool Networks of Bay of Fundy Salt Marshes. Estuaries and Coasts. DOI: 10.1007/s12237-009-9222-4 The Legacy of Agricultural Reclamation on Channel and Pool Networks of Bay of Fundy Salt Marshes
The appendix has long been considered a useless, vestigial organ, primarily based on the fact that it can be removed with no visibly harmful effects on the appendectomy recipient and that it is rather susceptible to severe inflammation. In fact, many theories have been proposed for its ancient purpose, ranging from being a place to allow plant matter to ferment to being a locale for crushed bones to be dissolved.
However, recent evidence posits that the appendix plays a crucial role in maintaining important gut symbionts. ...
Smith HF, Fisher RE, Everett ML, Thomas AD, Bollinger RR, & Parker W. (2009) Comparative anatomy and phylogenetic distribution of the mammalian cecal appendix. Journal of evolutionary biology, 22(10), 1984-99. PMID: 19678866 Comparative anatomy and phylogenetic distribution of the mammalian cecal appendix.
See original: A Home for the Bugs in Our Appendix
Searching the archives of the BBC, Daily Mail or Guardian returns hundreds of results for date rape drugs, such as Rohypnol. Figures from Google Trends show that search volume for 'date rape drugs' or more specific terms like 'Rohypnol' has decreased since 2004, but remains high. Up and down the country, many people are convinced they have been a victim of date rape drugs, their fears fuelled by media scare stories and alarming reports from the usually sensible ACMD.
So it's all the more surprising to hear the Chief Executive of the Suzy Lamplugh Trust - a charity aimed at reducing crime - quoted in a research paper  making the following complaint:
"As far as I am aware, there has never been a case of Rohypnol in this country found ever. We ask women when they are out to look after themselves and they say ‘I always put my finger over the bottle so it can’t be spiked’ . I want to tear my hair out because what is in the bottle is what’s lethal!"
To suggest that there have been no cases is perhaps an exaggeration, but the various studies we have on this tell a very different story from that reported in the press until recently.
Michael Scott-Ham of the UK's Forensic Science Service led a study that "analysed samples taken from 1014 victims in the UK soon after the alleged assault between January 2000 and December 2002." They found sedatives in only 2% of samples (the presence of which could of course have several explanations. An Australian study at two hospitals in Perth found that none of the 97 young men and women who claimed to have had their drinks spiked had been drugged.
So if date rate drugs didn't cause these people to lose control of the situation, what was it? The UK Forensic Science Service study provides a big clue. Of the 391 victims who had given samples with 12 hours of the alleged assault, around a third had consumed enough alcohol to result in unconsciousness or memory loss. Similar results have come from Northern Ireland.
To put it another way, scientific studies show that the #1 date rape drug, by far, is alcohol.
A recent study in the British Journal of Criminology - Understanding Heightened Risk Perception of Drink ‘Spiking’ by Adam Burgess, Pamela Donovan and Sarah Moore, takes an interesting look at risk perceptions and psychology surrounding date rape drugs, conducting various surveys of students in Britain and the United States .
Their results highlighted the disproportionate level of risk attached to spiking:
"To better establish the strength of concern about DFSA, the UK respondents were asked to rate their sense of risk and sense of worry for the following four crimes: being a victim of drink-driving, being mugged, having a home or room burgled, and being a victim of DFSA (see Table 1 ). UK respondents were more likely to express acute worry about DFSA than any of the other crimes they were asked about."
"Having a drink spiked with drugs was the most commonly cited risk factor for sexual assault, with 150 (75 per cent) of participants identifying this as an important risk factor — a more signi? cant risk factor than drinking alcohol or taking drugs (see Table 2 ). Furthermore, it is noteworthy that [spiking] elicited a more acute sense of worry amongst female students than mugging."
So in spite of the vanishingly small probability of drink spiking ever happening, students were more concerned about it than mugging, or drink driving. What is the explanation for this skewed perception of risk?
The elephant in the bedsit here is alcohol, a drug which culturally we seem to be in a state of denial over. Part of the explanation may be that the myth of drink-spiking provides a useful narrative through which we can rationalize away our own guilt: "I was in control of my drinking, but then somebody spiked my drink."
Is that true, or is it all a bit more complicated than that? How does this relate to the ongoing saga over drug policy? And how does this relate to the alternative medicine meme that 'natural is best'? We'll take a look in Part II of this post, which I'll be putting up this evening.
 Burgess, A., Donovan, P., & Moore, S. (2009). Embodying Uncertainty?: Understanding Heightened Risk Perception of Drink 'Spiking' British Journal of Criminology, 49 (6), 848-862 DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azp049
Martin is the editor of layscience.net.
RSS | Twitter...
Burgess, A., Donovan, P., & Moore, S. (2009) Embodying Uncertainty?: Understanding Heightened Risk Perception of Drink 'Spiking'. British Journal of Criminology, 49(6), 848-862. DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azp049 Embodying Uncertainty?: Understanding Heightened Risk Perception of Drink 'Spiking'
See original: The Drink Spiking Myth Part 1
The emergence of oseltamivir (Tamiflu)-resistant 2009 H1N1 influenza virus in a Canadian family illustrates the basic concept that viral loads depend on the dose of antiviral drug....
Baz M, Abed Y, Papenburg J, Bouhy X, Hamelin ME, & Boivin G. (2009) Emergence of Oseltamivir-Resistant Pandemic H1N1 Virus during Prophylaxis. The New England journal of medicine. PMID: 19907034 Emergence of Oseltamivir-Resistant Pandemic H1N1 Virus during Prophylaxis.
was my 2nd trak post http://bit.ly/2M0n9z too techie/over-the-head. pls lemme know. feedback much appreciated!Tue, 17/11/2009 - 7:17am | by sandygautam
sandygautam: was my 2nd trak post http://bit.ly/2M0n9z too techie/over-the-head. pls lemme know. feedback much appreciated!
My friend Lauredhel, at the Hoyden About Town blog, made an interesting point about risk factors for swine-origin influenza virus (SOIV), and the perception of those risk factors in the press. The press has made a big deal of the putative link between obesity and risk of severe SOIV. But, as she pointed out back [...]...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2009) Hospitalized patients with novel influenza A (H1N1) virus infection - California, April-May, 2009. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 58(19), 536-41. PMID: 19478723 Hospitalized patients with novel influenza A (H1N1) virus infection - California, April-May, 2009.
Justin T Denholm, Claire L Gordon, Paul D Johnson, Saliya S Hewagama, Rhonda L Stuart, Craig Aboltins, Cameron Jeremiah, James Knox, Garry P Lane, Adrian R Tramontana.... (2010) Hospitalised adult patients with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in Melbourne, Australia. The Medical Journal of Australia, 1-3. info:/
Louie JK, Acosta M, Winter K, Jean C, Gavali S, Schechter R, Vugia D, Harriman K, Matyas B, Glaser CA.... (2009) Factors associated with death or hospitalization due to pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in California. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 302(17), 1896-902. PMID: 19887665 Factors associated with death or hospitalization due to pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in California.
New South Wales public health network. (2009) Progression and impact of the first winter wave of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza in New South Wales, Australia. Euro surveillance : bulletin europeen sur les maladies transmissibles , 14(42). PMID: 19883546 Progression and impact of the first winter wave of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza in New South Wales, Australia.
See original: Swine-origin influenza virus risk factors
Our friend Clay Johnson over at the Sunlight Foundation recently posted an interesting idea about listening in on Twitter. Though he describes it as a mock proposal for the popular angel investment firm YCombinator, it really seems to be right along the lines we're thinking of for Expert Labs: It's entrepreneurial, but more importantly, it's the kind of technology that would let policy makers listen to the expertise of their fellow citizens. That's a marked contrast from a lot of government use of social media today, which is generally just being used to broadcast to citizens instead of soliciting their...
See original: Sunlight on Twitter